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What to See in Cairo – The Good, the Bad and the Ugly

What to See in Cairo – The Good, the Bad and the Ugly

Have you wondered what to see in Cairo?

If you are like me, you have this romantic version of the city in your head, with small sandy streets surrounded by white-stone buildings, the camels roaming around street stalls full of exotic spices, fruits, and scarabs, and flying carpets and genies floating just over your head.

You got me, I love Disney’s Aladin, and while, I wasn’t expecting to find a beautiful princess with a pet tiger in Cairo, I truly hoped the city’s recent bad reputation was just an over-exaggeration by the media.

Most of the people I know visit Egypt via a tour company. Asking them what to see in Cairo was useless. Their trips consisted of staying in resorts by the Red Sea, having day-trips to the Luxor and the Pyramids, rushing from one attraction to another.

This is not the way I travel, so I spent three days in Cairo, trying to find the essence of the city, hoping to stumble upon a magic lamp or at least a flying carpet (even a small rug would’ve been good) and exploring as much as my feet allows me.

What to see in Cairo – the Good Stuff

The Pyramids and the Sphinx

what to see in egypt - the spinf in front of a pyramid

Well…yeah. You kind of expected it to be here, don’t you? This is the logical answer to “What to see in Cairo”. It’s probably the sole reason you want to visit the city in the first place. Well, it’s Egypt, and you can’t travel to Egypt and miss the pyramids, right?

Built 4,500 thousand years ago, they are the only ancient wonder of the world that survived to this day. Both the pyramids and the Sphinx are located in the Giza necropolis, and if you have a regular fitness level, you can easily explore them on your own. Make sure you got there early though, the Egyptian sun is merciless and can reach 50’C at noon.

A good option is to book a hotel right next to the Necropolis. You would be among the first visitors of the day, and at night you can enjoy the pyramids’ light and sound show from your balcony for free.

General entrance 240 EGP/ 8 USD
Great Pyramid – 440 EGP/ 14 USD
Available smaller pyramid (one of the two open) – 100 EGP/ 3 USD

Castaway Tip
Once you enter the area – save your ticket. You’ll have to show it again when you go to the Sphinx. If any of the locals around the pyramids asks for it, claiming to be an official guard or something, just show it to him but never give it away.  

Don’t listen to guards, vendors, or cameleers trying to give you a history lesson, don’t take pictures of them when they strike a pose next to a camel, and don’t take tips about good photo spots. If you do any of those things, they will expect you to pay them.

If you want a camel or a horse ride, please pick one of the cameleers that look after their animals. Avoid camels with recent wounds or fresh scars; you don’t want to support animal cruelty.

How to get there?
If you use a tour, your guide will pick you up and drop you at your hotel. You can get a taxi but make sure you get the price before getting in. If you have an Egyptian sim card, you can also get an uber which I found to be the most cost-efficient way of transportation in Cairo.

Tours: Half-day tours include the pyramids and the Sphinx. Before you get one, clarify if the tour price includes entry fees, tips, and going inside pyramids.
Full-day tours will take you not only to the Giza complex but also to Sakkara and Memphis. If you decide on this one, make sure you book it online, prices you’re going to get on the spot are often 3-times bigger.

   See Also:  Valley of The Kings – All You Need to Know

The Saladin Citadel and Coptic Cairo

what to see in Cairo - the Saladin Citadel

No matter what your religion is, everywhere you go, you should always check out the spiritual places. Churches, mosques, or Buddhist temples, those buildings often have the most impressive and preserved architecture of the region, giving you a glimpse into its glorious past.

The citadel of Saladin is a 1,000 years old fortified area built by the Ayyubid ruler Salah al-Din to protect the city from the crusaders. There are few museums inside, and a couple of mosques – the most impressive one being the mosque of Muhammad Ali. Also called The Alabaster Mosque, it’s a mini version of the Blue Mosque in Istanbul, and it’s definitely one of the things to see in Cairo.

what to see in Cairo - Coptic Cairo

Coptic Cairo is the old Christian part of the city. It’s a peaceful area housing ancient churches like the Hanging Church or the Greek Church of St. George. In one of the churches, you can even see a spot, claiming Jesus Christ slept there when he was a baby!

And since you are already exploring the city, make a stop at the old bazaar. No need to buy anything, just roam the streets full of anything you can imagine (besides magic lamps) and experience the genuine atmosphere of a Muslim bazaar.

things to see in cairo - Grand bazaar

Castaway Tip
To see the best of Coptic Cairo and the Citadel, take a tour with a driver and a guide. Driving around the chaotic streets of Cairo is a nightmare, and there are many military checkpoints that won’t be easy to pass if you don’t have a licensed guide with you.  

   See Also:  Why Luxor Should be on Top of Your Bucket List

The Egyptian Museum

What to see in Cairo - the Egyptian Museum - panorama pic from second floor

Even if Museums are not your thing, you can’t skip this one. The Egyptian Museum of Cairo is home to more than 140,000 artifacts from various Egyptian dynasties. Even though it’s quite disorganized, the amount of human history gathered inside is overwhelming.

The highlights of the museum are the most famous Egyptian treasure – the mask of Tutankhamon, and around 30 well-preserved mummies of Egyptian pharos (and some of their pets too!)

Regular- 200 EGP/ 6 USD
New museum (NMED) – 200 EGP/ 6 USD

Castaway Tip
Make sure your stomach is full. Exploring the museum could take you hours, and there are no food courts inside.  

How to get there: The museum is right next to Tahrir square – the central square of downtown Cairo. The easiest way to get there is to take the Metro to Sadat Station and follow the signs pointing to the museum.

While most of the info online was telling me Cairo is an antique city with a ton of things to see, assuring me I would fell in love with it, I have to admit – the capital of Egypt was disappointing. Nowadays Cairo has nothing to do with the vintage Arab city I had in my mind. Here is what lies behind the marvelous pictures of the pyramids.

What you will see in Cairo – the Bad Stuff

Aggressive street vendors

street vendors in front of the pyramids
See the guys with the hats? They are chasing the Chinese tourists, trying to sell them some bags

Now, I’ve been to a lot of tourist places and I know the street vendors and hawkers will do anything to make you buy their stuff. The situation in Cairo however, is out of control. Neither the night markets in Bangkok nor the bazaars in Istanbul can come even close to these guys.

They will follow you, shout at you, push their merchandise in your hands claiming it’s a gift, only to ask for a gift from your currency in return, and if you make the mistake to show even a slight interest in their goods -you got yourself a companion for hours.

Oh, and here is the best part – they are everywhere. Stay on any street corner for 5 minutes, and you’ll get a dozen offers for everything you can imagine, from souvenirs and perfumes to hashish and beautiful ladies.

I understand this is their way to make a living but their business model is fundamentally wrong. I’ve no problem to pay higher entry fees just to be left alone to marvel at the ancient beauties of Egypt. I’ll buy souvenirs eventually, just let me look around and don’t push it in my hands, forcing me to leave rather sooner than later!

No matter what you do, you will get scammed

papyrus gallery in cairo egypt
The papyrus museum my guide took me to turned out to be a papyrus gallery shop…

Once you set your foot in Cairo, you become a walking wallet. Since nothing has a price on it (or it’s written in Arabic) you would pay whatever the seller wants you to pay. No matter how good you are at haggling, you will overpay for basic stuff like bottled water and fruit, you will overpay for tours and transport, you will overpay even for taking advice on which rock to stand to make that photo that looks like you’re touching the top of the pyramid…

I bought kofta sandwiches three times from the same place and paid three different prices. Used the same bus three times but paid only once the “mandatory” tax to the guy who put my bag in the cargo, I had four guided tours, and on every tour, I was taken to a “vintage shop” at the end where I was pressured to buy something.

Sure, they aren’t some grand scams for thousands of dollars, most of the time its just cents, but the feeling of being taken advantaged of is quite annoying.

Crossing the street is a challenge

trafic in cairo in front of the museum

There’s a lot of cities with bad traffic. Most of the time, bad traffic means millions of cars and hours and hours of traffic jams. That’s not the case in Cairo. The millions of vehicles are still there, but the traffic jams are not so severe. How come?

There are hardly any traffic lights or rules. Everybody does whatever he wants on the road and, of course, they use their honks more than they use their breaks…a lot more. Crossing a street in Cairo can take you up to 15 minutes and leave you deaf for a while. Even if you find one of the rare streets that has a traffic light, be very cautious when crossing. Egyptian drivers don’t tend to listen to some colorful lights telling them when to stop or go.

I would strongly advise against renting a car in Egypt unless you have experience driving in similar circumstances.

And the Ugly

It’s dirty

trash in cairo

Cairo is dirty. And I don’t mean the-casual-plastic-bags-and-burger-wraps-on-Saturday-morning dirty. Cairo is really, really dirty. Mountains of garbage are just piled up between the roads, hucksters are selling fruits and juices in front of oceans of trash with dead horses in the middle of the pile (ok, the horse wasn’t dead – it was sleeping, but still!) and no one seems to even care.

And did I mentioned the desert dust? Every building, car, food stall, even souvenirs are covered with a thick layer of dust. Doesn’t stop the street-food vendors to touch all your food without gloves of course.

Don’t get me wrong; I’m not a germaphobe, obsessed with cleanliness, and this is not the first dirty place I visit. The situation in Cairo is just too much to bear.

It’s Smoggy

smog in cairo,egypt. View from the citadel

I’ve grown up in Sofia. An Eastern-European capital city, home of 2 million people and 22 million cars (don’t quote me on that). I’m used to not seeing the stars at night, I’m used to the constant grey cloud around me, and still, I wasn’t prepared for the Cairo smog.

My hotel was less than a kilometer away from the pyramids, and they were still hazy in the distance, I went to the Saladin Citadel to get some beautiful panorama shots of the city, and all I got was a beautiful panoramic shot of a cloud.

I’m sure the sandy winds have some part in it too, but the millions of old cars blasting gases into the air are the most prominent contributor for sure.

The architecture

buildings without a facade in Cairo
Not a construction site – completely finished and inhabited.

I admit I had my expectations too high here. I was hoping for small desert-stone houses with open roofs. And maybe, Cairo before the revolution would’ve been closer to my romanticized vision, but Cairo nowadays has nothing to do with it.

Most of the old buildings were destroyed or forgotten and full of garbage, while most of the modern buildings looked unfinished. One of my guides told me that this is intentional and they are left unfinished so the construction companies can avoid paying taxes.

Four out of five modern building complexes were left without facades due to that reason. It didn’t stop the people to live there, but surely killed all the beauty the ancient desert city ever had.

   See Also:  Top 15 Historical Places in The World

This post came out a little bit more negative than I wanted. The sole reason for this is to prepare you for your own Egyptian adventure. I don’t regret visiting Cairo, and I firmly believe every traveler should make a journey there.

Maybe not the most beautiful city today, only a few cities in the world can match its history and uniqueness. It’s also worth saying that the Government of Egypt is building a big tourist complex around the pyramids, trying to make the whole ancient Cairo experience way more tourist-friendly. They are constructing a new building for the museum, right next to the necropolis of Giza, and it’s expected to be ready sometime around 2021 (it’s now complete!).

Who knows, maybe the next time I visit Cairo there won’t be “bad” and “ugly” parts in the story. I love the Egyptian civilization, and I have my fingers crossed they will soon get back to their glory days!

That’s all from me, I hope now you know what to see in Cairo and what to skip.
If you haven’t planned your trip there yet, find out how I plan my trips!
I’ve got 9 bucket list ideas for Egypt. See my impossible bucket list of 1700+ adventures!

Have you been to Cairo?

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what to see in Cairo pin
Things to see in Cairo pin


Friday 15th of March 2024

I wish I had read this post before my travel. I was in Cairo in February (2024), and this is the EXACT experience to a t! You just forgot to mention the government shop across the Egyptian Museum, which you will get sent to by some random helpful guy standing outside, telling you the museum doesn't open until a certain hour but you can go and pass the time across the road, and enjoy a cup of tea, you don't have to buy anything and there is WiFi... he will even help you cross the road :D I do have to say Luxor saved the experience for me and I stayed at a lovely hotel in Heliopolis and I did enjoy the restaurants in that area, as well as some other ones around the Nile corniche area. The neighborhood was also less hectic and more orderly.


Monday 18th of March 2024

Ahh yes, the old "helpfull guy with good English" scam. This one is an international scam :D I agree, Luxor is much better in every way!


Friday 11th of March 2022

I don’t see why you should blame Cairo for not living up to an orientalist ideal you’ve seen in a Disney movie? If you’ve ever seen photos of the city, it clearly is not that. The revolution has nothing to do with it. Most buildings are old and the baroque style is popular. New construction is everywhere now as well and the government prefers to build new rather than preserve the old. It’s a bit ridiculous to have expectations about a city you’ve never been to not based on any reality, and then fault the city for not living up to them.


Saturday 7th of May 2022

@Sarah, I just left Cairo this afternoon, and I couldn't have been more pleased to have left that dump. I've been through the Cape flats, favelas throughout Brazil, robbed at knifepoint in a sketch area of Santa Marta, Colombia, and threatened to be killed after having been driven to the floating markets outside Bangkok for refusing to pay their extortionate prices.. but Cairo makes its way to the top of my worst experiences. I also don't want to slam Colombia or Brazil, because I loved both. Nowhere on earth has that concentration of unpleasant experiences just waiting for you to walk by. I'm not buying the hard times argument, it's cultural. In Ukraine nobody ever put in effort to be dishonest, despite having been one of the poorest countries. In fact, they're more likely to offer to whatever they have. Same goes for places like Vietnam, where they would never put you in awful scenarios like the did in Cairo. I'm calling it out right now, and hopefully with enough pain they might change. Skip Cairo, there's much better experiences to have in this world. If you must see the pyramids, see them and leave as fast as you can.

David t

Sunday 14th of March 2021

I don't think the pictures are that bad, in Turkey they do as well, in Saigon, etc. In England, you can see dirty streets yet we pay high taxes. Depends how you want to see things, there is y lot of over estimating the dirt and attitude of people


Monday 15th of March 2021

Well, when I was taking the pictures I didn't have this type of post in mind so I didn't shoot the worst I've seen. I don't want to dismiss a whole country, I loved the ancient Egyptian treasures and met plenty of nice people there. It's just that the city landscape was horrendous even compared to the other developing countries I've been to. They are building a new tourist part with a shiny museum which I hope would bring extra tourists and eventually help the locals fix those things :)


Wednesday 30th of October 2019

You are honest and thank you for preparing tourists for what they may encounter. I just wanted to add that while Cairo is definitely chaotic and more dirty than most of Egypt but there is more history from different dynsaties than most other cities. Try next time to see Islamic Cairo as el muizz street and all it"s moque ,moataz le din allah street ,ibn tulun mosque , qalawun complex, el azhar mosque and also the area around el hussein mosque is quite popular and has lots of cafes. If you ever visited again try to visit them. Glad you enjoyed your time✌


Thursday 31st of October 2019

Hi Rowan,

Thank you for the tips! I'll definitely visit Cairo and Egypt again. I'm sure there is more to Cairo than what I saw the first time and would love to explore it again :)


Tuesday 23rd of October 2018

Hey! Thanks for the post! I especially enjoyed reading about Orangutans in Borneo, it was really useful as I'm planning my own trip to Southeast Asia next year! Just wanted to let you know that the title for this post has a grammar mistake, and overall, I noticed a lot of typos... Nothing to do with your content, but I think you should spell check your posts better... Otherwise, thanks for your thoughts !


Wednesday 24th of October 2018

Hi there, Aiste! Thank you for that, I do use a spell checker but it never manages to catch all of the typos. English not been my first language don't help either :)) Glad you like the Orangutan's piece, it was one of my best adventures and I strongly advise you to try it yourself. It's truly one of those once-in-a-lifetime experiences you remember till the end of your days. If you need any tips or information about your Asian journey I'd be more than happy to help :)

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